Setting up SSH and Private KeysScroll Down
A simple article today that hopefully is helpful and that I can also use as a reference in the future! We use SSH and git every day, but we don’t set it up every day. This will get you up and running with SSH on Linux or a Unix-like OS in no time.
Copy your existing SSH key to
~/.ssh/id_rsa. If you need to generate a new one, the code for this is below.
FVFZJ1A1L414:~ user.name$ ssh-keygen -t rsa -b 4096 -C "[email protected]" Generating public/private rsa key pair. Enter file in which to save the key (/home/you/.ssh/id_rsa): Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase): Enter same passphrase again: Your identification has been saved in id_rsa. Your public key has been saved in id_rsa.pub. The key fingerprint is: SHA256:NO/282vY1+y+tUZ76aZeMPaXThvTHfSHJgR1axtkZGE [email protected]com The key's randomart image is: +---[RSA 4096]----+ | ....E. | | . * . | | o . +. | | . o . ..+.| | S . .++.o| | . .o+.*| | o o.OO| | . .o *=%| | o*[email protected]=| +----[SHA256]-----+
Once your private key is in place, let’s update the permissions so SSH won’t complain (also, so it’s secure). SSH will not load a key that is stored unsafely.
chmod 600 ~/.ssh/id_rsa
Let’s move onto the
~/.ssh/config file. We need to add a few fields so that our SSH Agent knows what to do with our keys. There is also an extra line you will need to add if you are on macOS.
Host * AddKeysToAgent yes IdentityFile ~/.ssh/id_rsa # If you're using a Mac, add the following line UseKeychain yes
Finally, we need to start the SSH Agent and then add our key to the agent. We can do this with a nice one-liner:
eval "$(ssh-agent -s)" && ssh-add Identity added: /home/you/.ssh/id_rsa ([email protected])
That’s it, you’re good to go!